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May 29, 2017 / Dan Henshaw

Paris Solution

A more powerful Paris Agreement:

The Paris Climate Agreement is good start for agreement on ways to control our climate. But the Agreement it is too weak to stop the climate’s increasing temperatures. We need to stop the ever increasing climate temperature in 5 years; and to decrease it every following year!

The Paris Agreement follows Carbon Dioxide (CO2) but ignores Methane (Natural Gas) and Black Carbon, and NO2. We need to reduce all of the carbon gas emissions and we can do it!

 

Reducing Methane (Natural Gas):

The Arctic is warming faster which increases the bubbling methane from the ESAS (Eastern Siberia Arctic Shelf) and the Siberian tundra. And the increased methane speeds the warming too. These areas together are almost the size of Canada and contain over 1 trillion tons of frozen methane hydrates! More time produces more dangerous amounts of methane. And the only way to contain the hydrates is to cool the whole World! See below.

Methane in the atmosphere is 84 times as powerful as CO2’s heat. Canada has about 200,000 Fracking wells and most of them leak during methane production and for long after. There are also miles of old leaky pipelines, valves, pumps, and leaky sealing concrete. These leak about 10% or more of the methane (Natural Gas) that is produced! We can reduce these leaks!

The world has 1.5 billion cattle that emit vast amounts of methane and they also eat too much feed! Their population should be cut by half which would let them just eat hay! Chicken and pork could fill the gap instead.

Emissions from growing rice; and the world’s garbage dumps for 7 billion people; and coal mines; refining and shipping Liquid Natural Gas leaks large amounts of methane. All of the above methane can be reduced by one half and more!    

Methane leaks can be seen by special cameras and binoculars. We can hire hundreds of people to find the methane leaks and fix them! Airplanes can find methane leaks too. Money for the workers can come from the government’s annual 3.5 Billion dollar subsidies given to the oil corporations; and the national sales tax of 1% could be recovered and used too. More workers will improve the economy too.

CO2 (carbon dioxide) decays slowly but the oceans absorb about 35% of the present emissions. So we can reduce CO2 by reducing the burning of coal, oil, and methane gas. This comes from insulating buildings (old and new, from heat and cold) and use all LED (light emitting diodes), and more Rapid Transit. We can make small electric cars from plastic to weigh 1000 lb (450 kg) or less; instead of melting millions of tons of steel; and stopping the burning of forests and jungles.  Geothermal deep wells and heat can produce cheap clean energy! All those reduce CO2’s emissions and lower World’s heat!

Black Carbon comes from the burning of coal, methane wells, oil, diesel engines, and forest fires. It warms the atmosphere and darkens snow on Greenland and glaciers. Black Carbon layers from hundreds or thousands of years from forest fires and us and were separated by winter snow. But now every summer the winter snow melts and can expose several Black Carbon layers. These make Greenland a dark gray color which is  melting more snow! This is resulting in raising the oceans and slowing the Gulf Stream. And billions of people will lose their glacier irrigation!

The Canadian government should avoid the 2 pipelines of tar sand oil. That would export 2 million barrels of oil every day! The oil when burned will produce huge amounts of CO2 every day. Also the Tar sand Oil uses giant methane blowtorches in underground tunnels to melt out the oil. And about 20% of the methane used, leaks out and that, is another huge heating emission!  The added amount will stop Canada from meeting our Paris carbon emission agreements.

The pipelines will be risky and expensive gambles because many Big Oil companies have pulled away from the Alberta Tar Sands! Also in 10 more years of Arctic’s increasing warming the tar sand oil may not be worth anything!

Geothermal produces clean cheap electric power! The Geothermal can replace coal, oil, and methane (natural gas) in electricity; as above. The drilling is done deep enough to access the 200 degree hot rock that makes steam from water and produces large amounts of electricity with no carbon emissions.

The last decade has had droughts causing millions of people to starve! Now there are disastrous floods everywhere too. The warmed Arctic has weakened the Arctic Jet Stream which now wanders and allows more warm air to enter the Arctic which produces more methane etc!   We must move quickly to reduce all the carbon emissions possible that can return the Earth to its normal temperature!

 Some more info.

https://robertscribbler.com/tag/east-siberian-arctic-shelf/

https://www.good.is/articles/paris-agreement-political-achievement-scientific-failure

 https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/may/05/the-great-climate-silence-we-are-on-the-edge-of-the-abyss-but-we-ignore-it

 https://www.theweathernetwork.com/news/articles/droughts-floods-from-weird-jet-stream-linked-to-arctic-heat/80841

The End

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August 29, 2014 / Dan Henshaw

Money and Shakhova

 

Money:

Some needed money sources:

We need money for governments now

A carbon tax can be charged to the producers of carbon emissions. This tax makes consumers use energy efficiency. “Cap and Trade” is popular because it is complex and very profitable but our emissions are always higher. Every country should have a carbon tax! And the money collected should be used to produce clean energy.

The banks, corporations and the rich have hidden billions of dollars in foreign banks to avoid paying taxes on them! Our last government laid off about 500 federal tax accountants who used to collect some of this. It is called “dead money” now because it does nothing useful. We need it to save us and our children!

The “Robin-hood” tax would charge a 0.05% on transactions of commodities, bonds, and currency trades. Banks are making billions of dollars from trading trillions of dollars every day.

The Harper Government decreased the GST tax from 7% to 5% which has starved the government for funds. (To impair government.) We could replace 1%

In Canada we pay, annually, 35 Billion dollars in various subsidies to very profitable carbon fuel corporations.  Also Canada’s oil royalties are the lowest in the world? We need to make money and Canadian jobs from our resources.

We should avoid “Free Trade” agreements. These treaties will give corporations and other nations the power to sue us for billions of dollars for reducing our carbon emissions if it reduced their profits; and secretly! To fight global warming we need active and resourceful governments. And we need to encourage other nations to reduce carbon emissions!

All countries have to negotiate the ending of current wars everywhere and use the freed up money to save the environment. The difficulty is that wars are very profitable for many big corporations.

We need long term birth control pills for free, (one pill per year) and for everyone everywhere. This could save countries from overpopulation, famine; and wars.

Freed up money would hire millions of people to insulating buildings, build rapid transit and small efficient vehicles, produce and install clean energy alternatives, and improve the economy.

The ostrich is smarter than humans; they don’t hide their heads in the sand!

 Some useful web sites

Russians are familiar with disasters and Dr. Shakhova sees one coming!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kx1Jxk6kjbQ&lc=h5WwQW4QjVAAzZ5zuvS9AXUH-FbSv3XBIUniWhF-TeI

 

There is 1000 GT under the ESAS, that is one trillion tons!!

http://www.skepticalscience.com/arctic-methane-outgassing-e-siberian-shelf-part1.html

Gas wells leak a lot and for ever:

http://thetyee.ca/News/2014/06/14/Oil-Wells-Spout-Methane/

http://www.globalpossibilities.org/bombshell-study-finds-methane-emissions-from-natural-gas-production-far-higher-than-epa-estimates/

Hansen says 2 degrees is too high to be allowed.

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/07/20/climate-seer-james-hansen-issues-his-direst-forecast-yet.html

The End

https://carbonlessair.wordpress.com

Daniel Henshaw: at ddhenshaw@gmail.com

 

 

 

March 29, 2013 / Dan Henshaw

Geothermal

Geothermal the invisible savior:

We can’t do anything now with CO2 except adapt to the change in climate!? This message comes from the carbon corporations who see CO2 as a measure of their massive profits!

In fact with Geothermal clean power we can reduce most of CO2 and save the climate! We can replace dirty coal and methane gas electricity with clean geothermal power! And it can power cars, buses, locomotives, and heat buildings, and lights;  all instead of using dirty carbon fuels!

Deep geothermal energy has a vast clean energy potential. At a depth of 2 to 10 km below ground the temperature is 150 to 250 degrees C in many places.

Geothermal produces power for 20 or 30 years; much longer than oil wells!  Also many deep dry oil wells have records of high temperatures and those locations could be used to drill geothermal wells. And with the new horizontal drilling (1 km or more) long it will not need to shatter the rock which causes earthquakes! Also Fracking uses 5 or 6 horizontal wells from one vertical well which could be used to collect plenty of heat to produce steam.

Geothermal energy has big advantages:

  • It is bringing clean power to China and other countries!
  • The limitless geothermal electricity can replace methane and coal generation and sharply reduce carbon emissions! And it will supply clean electricity to battery-powered cars, with no CO2 emissions!
  • And using the, cheap endless, steam directly it could desalinate seawater, or remove CO2 from the atmosphere and use it to produce something useful!
  • Geothermal power doesn’t pollute the ground water because it doesn’t use poisonous chemicals.
  • Geothermal can melt the tar sands with hot water instead of burning methane (natural gas) which often leaks 20% from its giant blow torches!
  • Building geothermal will employ thousands of workers.
  • Canada can do it ourselves instead of our present system where foreign Big Oil corporations stop us from developing it at all!

Conclusions:

Geothermal Power will need a few billion dollars and a few years to learn efficient and cheap production. Big Oil has tried to delay geothermal power’s development because it will sharply reduce its profits. Geothermal is required to save our climate by replacing Fracking methane and coal and gasoline too.

 Not the End

ddhenshaw@gmail.com

https://carbonlessair.wordpress.com